“Criminal syndicates are earning more than $10bn a year from a booming environmental crime business in rainforest logging, the trade in endangered animal skins and ivory and smuggling canisters of banned gas refrigerants. …The latest trend is the illegal trade in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), gas compounds used in refrigeration and aerosols which are known to contribute to global warming.”
Such failures in enforcing national and international laws are contributing to – though by no means are they the primary reason for – the failure of countries around the world to meet their own promise on biodiversity.
“The world’s governments will fail to meet their agreed target of curbing biodiversity loss by 2010. Nearly 200 countries signed up to the target in 2002.” Their agreement was – “to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth”
Furthermore “only 16 governments have followed through on their commitment to integrate the 2010 target into national plans for tackling biodiversity loss.”